Inflammatory Eye Disease

Uveitis - a term given to a group of diseases that cause inflammation to the eye. It mainly affects the uvea but it can also affect the lens, retina, optic nerve and vitreous. 

The uvea consists of the iris (the colour part on the front of your eye), ciliary body (circular structure that is an extension of the iris) and the choiroid (vascular layer of the eye between the sclera and retina). These are all in anterior to intermediate area of the eye, between the sclera and the inner layer of the eye called the retina. 

Symptoms

  • blurred vision 

  • dark floaters

  • eye pain

  • redness of the eye

  • sensitivity to light 

Types 

  • Anterior Uveitis: this is the mos common form, it usually occurs to young to middle-aged people. It affects the front of the eye, usually only one eye, and most of the time occurs in healthy people. It can however be associated with autoimmune diseases. 

  • Intermediate Uveitis: This type of uveitis mostly affects the vitreous (the gel-like fluid located just before the retina) It is caused by several disorders, most commonly sarcoidosis and multiple sclerosis. 

  • Posterior Uveitis: This is the least common type and occurs in the back of the eye. It can be caused by both infectious and non-infectious conditions. 

  • Panuveitis: when all three major parts of the eye are affected by inflammation. The well-known form is Behcet's diseases. 

Treatment

Anterior Uveitis is usually treated with dilating drops to stop muscle spasms in the iris and steroidal drops to reduce inflammation. 

Intermediate, posterior and panuveitis are treated with either injections around the eye, oral medication or in some instances, time-release capsules that are surgically implanted inside the eye. 

Specialists

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